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The Westward Transmission of Silk Technology,

DATE:[2018-6-28 10:38:26]    TOTAL READDING[423]

The hard currency on the silk road is silk, and the westward spread of silk manufacturing technology is one of the many romantic stories on the silk road.

According to the load, from seven to eighth Century in kutian, a legendary story about the beginning of the silk weaving industry in kutian was circulated. The story said that the king of kutian sought the emperor for the East Han Dynasty to obtain silkworm.

After being invited, the king of Khun told the princess of the Han Dynasty privately, and if he wanted to continue wearing silk clothes after he had been married, he would have to bring silkworm eggs with him.

When the princess thought it was reasonable, he hid the silkworm in the Phoenix crown. When the marrying team went to the border, the Guard officials searched the bag by example, but did not dare to check the princesss Phoenix crown. The silkworm was brought to kutian, and kutian began to have silk weaving industry.

In the early twentieth Century, Stein, a British explorer, found a wooden version of the story in the ruins of Dandan uric (now Xinjiang and Tian) near the native land of Khotan. Things.

The lady in the painting of Stein was passed on to the princess of the Central Plains in kutian and the crown of the ladys lady. It is a hint that the hidden thing under the crown is the silkworm of the princesss private transport and the silkworm cocoon in the left basket. This painting shows that although the story is not necessarily credible, it is widely spread in the western regions.

The Chinese history books will not be ignored, and the fact is that there is no record of kutian in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and the Chinese government has always been not intentional in technical secrecy. If there is a marriage, it is possible to send silkworm technology and craftsmen as a princesss marriage.

Silk is undoubtedly first spread from the Central Plains to the Xinjiang area. "Sui Shu" has been called the "suitable silkworm" in Gao Chang country. "Wei Shu", "Wei Shu", and Shule have its own silk weaving industry, Yanqi can raise silkworm, Turpan unearthed north cold bearing five years (447) also have the word "Kazan brocade".

Silkworm rearing and silk weaving technology may be passed into India by Yutian, kutian, and kutian close to India. Many India immigrants live in kutian, Tibet, and Yunnan may also be the medium of the silkworm reeling technology introduced into India, but it is only difficult to determine the specific time.

The story of sericulture West Persia and East Rome is less dramatic. I am afraid it is more close to the reality. According to Iran folklore, two envoys of the ssushan Persian Empire, after learning the silkworm reeling technology, put the sericulture in the bamboo tube carefully back to Iran, with the success of the local growing silkworm, from then on Persia and West. According to Chinese documents, Persia has already made silk weaving industry at least in fifth Century.

The silkworm of the eastern Rome Empire should come from Central Asia, rather than a more near Persia. According to the historians of East Rome in the first half of sixth Century, several monks came to Byzantium from India in 552 years, catering to the intention of Char J Martin Ni, the emperor of East Rome, who did not want to buy raw silk from the Persians again, and called himself from the race of Lin Daguo north of India (Seri NDA) learned sericulture and brought silkworm eggs to Byzantium.

After Char J Martin Ni agreed, they went back to silinda to bring back silkworms, and began the history of sericulture in East Rome.

Another sixth Century East Rome historian Diogenes also had an approximate record, just changing India monks into Persians, and calling the Persians a.Serinda that was hid in the bamboo sticks and mixed over the border and made up of the Ser plus Inda, which means that the region between China and India, the western region.

At present, the academic circles basically agree that the eastern Rome empire of the first half of the sixth Century has been silkworm and silkworm rearing. And the record of Chinese history shows that at least in fifth Century, Persia had its own silk weaving industry. 0) when the mission was made, the tribute included the Persian brocade, which was unearthed in the Hara and Zhuo tombs of Turpan. In the latter half of the fifth Century, there were also "bowls" brocade.

After the introduction of silkworm eggs to East Rome, the silk weaving industry developed rapidly in the Empire.

The Peloponnesian region, the Greek region, has long monopolized the silk weaving industry in the Christian world, but by the time the Byzantine Empire collapsed in twelfth Century, the Arabs stole the silkworm and silk weaving technology from the Greeks, and began to develop silk weaving, amirea and Li in the Iberia Peninsula, which was then dominated by Moorish Muslims. Ben was the first to become a silk weaving industry, and then the Norman people began to do silk weaving in Sicily by robbing Corinth, Athens and Thebes.

In the late Middle Ages, the silk weaving industry in Sicily gradually affected Italy and passed through Italy in all parts of Europe. But Chinese silk fabric has always been one of the main products exported to Europe. In the late eighteenth Century, the local silk fabric in Europe took the absolute advantage in the local market because of trade protection and style taste.

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